Medicines for the treatment of prostatitis in men

male genitourinary system

Inflammatory processes occurring in the prostate bring a lot of discomfort to men suffering from this pathology. The development of the disease occurs against the background of prolonged sexual abstinence, the presence of sexually transmitted and genitourinary infections, weak immunity, as well as various hormonal imbalances in the body. In addition, prostatitis can be caused by pathogenic bacteria or viruses.

What is prostatitis and how to treat it?

The modern pharmaceutical market offers many highly effective drugs for the treatment of this pathology. When infectious pathogens are not detected during the diagnosis of prostatitis, they speak of chronic inflammation of the prostate of a non-bacterial nature. Risk factors for non-infectious prostatitis are congestion in the pelvic area, which is characterized by impaired microcirculation in the venous system, excessive secretion of the prostate gland and in the seminal vesicles, which leads to disturbances in blood flow in the genitals. However, before starting the therapy, you should always consult a qualified specialist.

Characteristics of the inflammatory process of the prostate (prostatitis)

This disease affects 1/3 of all representatives of the strong half of humanity. The pathology mainly affects men aged 20 to 60 years. The disease can develop in the presence of the following factors:

diagnosis and treatment of prostatitis
  • Congenital (decrease in hormonal levels, impaired blood flow in the prostate gland, pathological changes in the structure of the acini);
  • acquired (previous genitourinary diseases, the presence of foci of infection in the body, promiscuity or, conversely, long-term abstinence from sexual relations, a sedentary lifestyle, a temporary decrease in body temperature).

Types of pathology and drugs for treatment

Inflammation of the prostate gland can manifest itself in the following forms:

Acute prostatitis of an infectious (bacterial) nature. It is characterized by the presence of specific symptoms and requires immediate contact with a specialist. Acute prostatitis develops as a result of exposure to pathogenic bacteria and microorganisms. According to statistics, this form of the disease occurs in 15% of men suffering from this pathology.

Acute prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • chills;
  • increased body temperature;
  • signs of general intoxication of the body;
  • frequent urination, accompanied by pain and purulent discharge from the urethra;
  • pain in the groin region, radiating to the lumbar spine.

Chronic prostatitis of an infectious nature. It is a slow inflammatory process, characterized by the absence of pronounced symptoms. This form of the disease can occur against the background of insufficiently treated or untreated acute prostatitis. Symptoms of prolonged inflammation of the prostate gland can be as follows:

  • irritability;
  • difficulty urinating, accompanied by a burning sensation;
  • nagging pain in the perineum, radiating to the pelvic organs and rectum.

Treatment of chronic prostatitis requires much more time than acute prostatitis, and the choice of drugs is determined by the individual characteristics of the body, the presence of complications, as well as the type of drugs used previously.

signs of chronic prostatitis

In addition to antibiotics, which are used to treat acute prostatitis, analgesics, immunomodulators, suppositories, therapeutic massage and physiotherapy are prescribed.

Prostatitis without infectious etiology. This is the most common type of disease, the origin of which is not yet fully understood.

Asymptomatic prostatitis

Forms of drugs for the treatment of prostatitis

Medicines for the treatment of prostatitis are available in the form of tablets, injections, instillations, suppositories and micro-enemas. Tablets, which are usually antibiotics, have a wide range of action and are usually prescribed in situations where the cause of the pathology has not yet been identified.

Often, in the treatment of prostatitis, special suppositories are used, which are administered rectally. Such drugs have an antibacterial effect and effectively relieve pain. The injection solutions have the greatest therapeutic effect, which have a stimulating effect on the vascular and protective systems of the body.

Among the various methods of prostate treatment, the most effective is the rectal method of therapy.

symptoms and causes of prostate adenoma

Treatment for prostatitis often involves a method such as instillation, where medication is injected directly into the patient's urethra. Before the procedure, the man must empty his bladder completely. No more than 5 ml of medicinal solution are applied at one time.

Additional means to the main treatment can be micro-enemas, which are prepared on the basis of herbal infusions and decoctions. The principle of this technique is to use a complex drug-temperature effect on the foci of inflammation. The procedure is carried out before going to bed, because after the microenema, overstrain or hypothermia of the prostate gland is not allowed.

Medicines for the treatment of prostatitis in men

First of all, antibiotics are prescribed for this disease. But before starting antibacterial therapy, a bacterial culture study is conducted to determine the causative agent of the disease, and depending on the results, one or another type of medicine is prescribed. The course of antibacterial therapy lasts an average of 1 month.

Treatment with tablet antibiotics is carried out for bacterial inflammation of the prostate in acute and chronic form. In case of complications, injectable antibacterial agents are administered. If the causative agent of the pathology cannot be identified, combined antibacterial therapy is used.

Medicines that have an analgesic effect significantly ease the course of the inflammatory process, but they must be used strictly according to the doctor's prescription. Uncontrolled use of such drugs can cause unwanted side effects.

what does prostate adenoma look like

Among analgesics, the greatest effectiveness in the treatment of prostatitis is shown by a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug with an extensive form of release and a wide range of indications. The use of α-blockers is due to the relaxing effect of these drugs on the neck and bladder muscles, which significantly reduces the intensity of pain accompanying the urination process. But such drugs can cause side effects such as headache and hypotension. These drugs are prescribed for chronic non-bacterial prostatitis.

Any pathology, including prostatitis, causes a weakening of the body's immune defenses, therefore, along with the main treatment, the doctor prescribes drugs whose action is aimed at restoring and strengthening the immune system. These can be drugs from the group of immunomodulators, which includes interferons and other pharmacological agents.

In the treatment of prostatitis, muscle relaxants are also widely used, the action of which is aimed at reducing muscle tone in the perineum, which allows the patient to get rid of pain and discomfort during urination. The most effective muscle relaxants are considered to be a centrally acting muscle relaxant and a drug for smooth muscle pain and spasm.

The use of hormone therapy is determined by the need to reduce testosterone levels, which provokes an increase in the size of the prostate gland. As a result of such treatment, hormone levels normalize and the intensity of the inflammatory process decreases. In some cases, herbal medicines are used as adjunctive therapy to relieve pain, inflammation and swelling.

Preparations containing plant components are often used in the treatment of chronic forms of prostatitis. Prostatitis of bacterial origin is treated with antiviral drugs: drugs used for the same indications, but differ in the mechanism of action and the active substance.

meeting with a specialist

In addition, anti-inflammatory drugs from the group of non-steroids are used. The effect of such drugs is to eliminate the symptoms accompanying inflammation of the prostate (swelling and soreness, increased body temperature).

Suppositories containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory substances, for example, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, have shown high effectiveness in the treatment of prostatitis. This group also includes drugs that have powerful anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effects.

In addition, the treatment of inflammation of the prostate includes the use of drugs whose action is aimed at improving blood flow to the prostate.

Popular drugs for the treatment of prostatitis

A drug that helps in the treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system in men and women - a drug based on plant components that prevents the growth of glandular tissue of the prostate. It helps to eliminate inflammation and normalize metabolic processes, as well as to improve blood supply to the prostate gland. In addition, the drug reduces the size of the prostate, eliminates difficult urination and improves the work of the genitourinary system, restores the functions of the glands, and also reduces swelling and inflammatory manifestations in the prostate gland.

The drug is prescribed for complex therapy of complicated prostatitis. The course of treatment is up to 4 months. The medicine has no contraindications and side effects.

A penicillinase-resistant bactericidal antibiotic from the group of semi-synthetic penicillins is a highly effective antibiotic used to treat prostatitis. The drug is a semi-synthetic antimicrobial drug belonging to the class of β-lactam antibiotics, which has a bactericidal effect against streptococci, staphylococci and other gram-positive microorganisms.

The drug, intended for the treatment of various diseases of the genitourinary system in men, is a suppository based on antibiotics with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. The use of rectal suppositories improves the quality of sperm, helps restore the muscle functions of the bladder, normalizes the urination process, and also reduces the risk of blood clots in the vessels of the prostate gland. Rectal suppositories are prescribed after prostate surgery or in the treatment of chronic prostatitis. The course of treatment is 10 days, applying one suppository per day. Read the instructions carefully: the drug, intended for the treatment of various diseases of the genitourinary system in men, can cause a side effect, which is manifested by itching in the anus.

The drug, which contains a natural ingredient - an extract of the fruit of the creeping palm - is available in capsules and belongs to decongestants and anti-inflammatory drugs. The drug has shown quite high effectiveness in the complex treatment of inflammation of the prostate, which is why it is often prescribed to patients suffering from this pathology.

Popular antibiotics for the treatment of prostatitis

Despite the fact that drugs for the treatment of prostatitis practically have no contraindications, you should not use them yourself. The dosage, the choice of drugs and the correction of the course of treatment are carried out only by a specialist, taking into account the intensity and duration of the inflammatory process.